Immunohistochemical and biochemical evidence for a cardiovascular mineralocorticoid receptor.
The presence of mineralocorticoid receptors (MRs) and their physicochemical characteristics were investigated in the heart and blood vessels of rabbits. Immunohistochemical methods using the monoclonal anti-idiotypic antibody H10E, which interacts with the steroid binding domain of MRs, revealed the presence of immunoreactive material in the heart and large blood vessels. In the heart, a positive staining was observed in myocytes and endothelial cells of atria and ventricles. In vessels, MRs were detected in the aorta and pulmonary artery. They were localized in endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells. No staining was present in the small vascular bed, arterioles, and capillaries. In all these studies, the mineralocorticoid specificity of the staining was assessed by in situ competition experiments with aldosterone and RU486, a glucocorticoid antagonist. The presence of MRs in the heart and vessels was further demonstrated by specific aldosterone binding to one class of high affinity binding sites in the cytosol of the adrenalectomized rabbit heart (Kd, 0.25 nM; maximum MR concentration, 15-20 fmol/mg protein), whose mineralocorticoid specificity has been clearly established by competition studies. Sedimentation gradient analyses revealed that the cardiovascular MR is an 8.5S hetero-oligomer that includes the heat shock protein 90. The physicochemical characteristics of the cardiovascular MRs are virtually identical to those of the renal MRs. Altogether, our results clearly demonstrate the presence of MRs in the cardiovascular system. This supports the possibility of direct aldosterone actions in the heart and blood vessels.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association