Impaired myogenic responsiveness of renal microvessels in Dahl salt-sensitive rats.
The mechanisms mediating abnormal renal autoregulation in Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats have not been fully defined. In the present study, we assessed myogenic responsiveness of interlobular arteries (ILAs), afferent arterioles (AAs), and efferent arterioles in isolated perfused hydronephrotic Dahl rat kidneys. Dahl rats were divided into four groups according to strain (Dahl salt-resistant [DR] or DS rats) and dietary sodium manipulation (rats fed low or high salt diets). Systolic blood pressure was elevated only in DS rats fed the high salt diet (202 +/- 4 mm Hg, p less than 0.05). Myogenic responses were obtained by stepwise elevation of renal arterial pressure. Vessel diameters were determined by computer-assisted videomicroscopy. Preglomerular microvessels of DS and DR rats responded differently to changes in renal arterial pressure. AAs and ILAs manifested diminished myogenic responsiveness to increasing renal arterial pressure in DS rats compared with DR rats (p less than 0.05). Both AAs and ILAs in DS rats manifested a higher threshold pressure for eliciting myogenic responses and a decrease in maximal pressure-induced vasoconstriction. The sensitivity of the AA myogenic response to nifedipine was enhanced in DS rats compared with DR rats (p less than 0.05). For rats fed the high salt diet, preglomerular vessels exhibited reduced myogenic responsiveness in both strains. In contrast to preglomerular microvessels, efferent arterioles from all four groups of rats failed to exhibit pressure-induced vasoconstriction. Our data suggest that diminished myogenic responsiveness of AAs and ILAs in DS rats contributes to impaired renal autoregulation in this strain.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association