Physiological hyperinsulinemia inhibits myocardial protein degradation in vivo in the canine heart.
Myocardial protein turnover in vivo was examined in anesthetized dogs following a 16- or 36-hour fast and again during a hyperinsulinemic (2 mU/kg per minute) euglycemic clamp with or without amino acid replacement or during saline infusion. We measured myocardial phenylalanine balance and rates of protein synthesis and degradation, using the extraction of intravenously infused L-[ring-2,6-3H]phenylalanine and the dilution of its specific activity across the heart at isotopic steady state. After both a 16-hour (n = 19) and 36-hour fast (n = 10), there was net myocardial release of phenylalanine indicated by the negative balances for phenylalanine of -52 +/- 9 (p less than 0.001) and -38 +/- 9 (p less than 0.005) nmol/min, respectively. Overall, the basal rate of myocardial protein degradation was lower in the 36-hour-fasted animals (81 +/- 13 versus 121 +/- 12 nmol/min, p less than 0.05). Myocardial phenylalanine balance and rates of protein synthesis and degradation did not change during insulin and glucose infusion in the 36-hour-fasted animals (n = 10). In these animals, there was a 30-40% decline in plasma amino acid concentrations, including branched chain (p less than 0.001) and essential amino acids (p less than 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association