Endogenous calcitonin gene-related peptide mediates nonadrenergic noncholinergic depressor response to spinal cord stimulation in the pithed rat.
The role of endogenous calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the nonadrenergic noncholinergic depressor response to spinal cord stimulation was studied in the pithed rat in vivo. Pithed rats were given hexamethonium (2 mg/kg per minute i.v.) to block autonomic outflow, and mean blood pressure was artificially maintained at approximately 100 mm Hg with methoxamine (10-15 micrograms/kg per minute i.v.). Electrical stimulation of the spinal cord at the level of the lower thoracic vertebra (T9-12) caused a fall in blood pressure in a frequency-dependent (0.5-10 Hz), voltage-dependent (2.5-50 V), and pulse duration-dependent (0.25-8 msec) manner. The heart rate did not change during the depressor response. The depressor response was long lasting, and the maximum response was elicited by stimulation at 4-6 Hz. The neurotoxin tetrodotoxin (100 micrograms/kg i.v.) abolished the depressor response to spinal cord stimulation, whereas treatment with propranolol (0.5 mg/kg per minute i.v.), atropine (0.05 mg/kg per minute i.v.), or a combination of pyrilamine (0.5 mg/kg per minute i.v.) and cimetidine (0.5 mg/kg per minute i.v.) did not affect the response. In pithed rats treated with capsaicin (total dose of 500 mg/kg s.c.), spinal cord stimulation caused a slight depressor response. Exogenous CGRP, but not acetylcholine, isoproterenol, histamine, or substance P, caused a sustained fall in blood pressure that mimicked the spinal cord stimulation-induced depressor response. Continuous infusion of CGRP[8-37] (60 nmol/kg per minute i.v.), a CGRP receptor antagonist, markedly inhibited the depressor responses not only to spinal cord stimulation but also to exogenous CGRP.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association