Autoradiographic characterization of beta-adrenergic receptor subtype in the canine conduction system.
It has been hypothesized, based on physiological evidence, that there is a greater proportion of beta 2-adrenergic receptors on the myocytes of the conduction system when compared with the working myocardium. The purpose of these studies was to examine beta-adrenergic receptor subtype in the conduction system of the dog by using the technique of coverslip autoradiography. Scintillation studies of [125I]pindolol binding to ventricular sections demonstrated that binding was saturable (dissociation constant of 116 pM), had the correct order of potency for a beta-receptor, and was stereoselective. Both betaxolol (beta 1-selective) and ICI-118,551 (beta 2-selective) competition curves fit a two-site model in nonlinear curve-fitting analyses (78% beta 1-receptors). Autoradiographic studies determined that the myocytes of the sinoatrial node had approximately twice as many autoradiographic grains as the surrounding atrial myocytes. The myocytes of the atrioventricular bundle had a number of grains similar to the number in surrounding septal myocytes. Autoradiographic inhibition curves with betaxolol or ICI-118,551 demonstrated that both the sinoatrial node and the atrioventricular bundle had inhibition profiles similar to the surrounding myocytes (predominantly beta 1) but unlike the inhibition profiles of arterioles (predominantly beta 2). Calculations using the dissociation constants derived from the nonlinear curve-fitting analysis and the percent specific binding in the presence of 4 x 10(-7) M betaxolol or ICI-118,551 determined that the proportion of beta 1- to beta 2-receptors was the same (70-80% beta 1) when comparing the sinoatrial node and the surrounding atrial myocytes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association