Lysoplasmenylethanolamine accumulation in ischemic/reperfused isolated fatty acid-perfused hearts.
Lysophospholipid accumulation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of irreversible injury during myocardial ischemia and reperfusion. Plasmalogens (phospholipids with a vinyl-ether bond in the sn-1 position) account for more than 50% of total myocardial sarcolemmal and sarcoplasmic reticulum phospholipids. Accumulation of plasmalogen choline and ethanolamine lysophospholipids (lysoplasmenylcholine and lysoplasmenylethanolamine) or the effects of exogenous fatty acids on lysoplasmalogen accumulation during ischemia and reperfusion have not been examined. Isolated working rat hearts perfused with buffer containing either 11 mM glucose or 11 mM glucose plus 1.2 mM palmitate were subjected to aerobic, ischemic, or ischemia/reperfusion protocols. Levels of lysoplasmenylcholine and lysoplasmenylethanolamine were quantified using a two-stage high-performance liquid chromatographic technique. In hearts perfused with glucose alone, no significant differences in levels of lysoplasmenylcholine or lysoplasmenylethanolamine were seen during ischemia or reperfusion. In fatty acid-perfused hearts, however, significant accumulation of lysoplasmenylethanolamine occurred during reperfusion but not during ischemia (723 +/- 112, 734 +/- 83, and 1,394 +/- 193 nmol/g dry wt for aerobic, ischemic, and ischemic/reperfused hearts, respectively; p less than 0.05 for ischemic/reperfused hearts versus aerobic or ischemic hearts). Lysoplasmenylcholine levels after ischemia and reperfusion did not differ significantly from aerobic values, regardless of whether fatty acids were present or absent from the perfusate. Aerobic and ischemic/reperfused rabbit hearts, in the presence of fatty acid, showed a similar profile in their lysoplasmalogen content. We conclude that differential lysoplasmenylethanolamine accumulation occurs during myocardial reperfusion when exogenous fatty acid concentrations are high. This may reflect the selective action of fatty acid intermediates on the metabolism of lysoplasmenylethanolamines.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association