Novel diazinone derivatives separate myofilament Ca2+ sensitization and phosphodiesterase III inhibitory effects in guinea pig myocardium.
The inotropic state of the myocardium can be enhanced via an increase in cell Ca2+ loading or in myofilament responsiveness to Ca2+. Although different pharmacological agents combine these properties, no presently available drug acts predominantly as a myofilament sensitizer in situ. We have investigated the effects and the mechanism of action of novel diazinone derivatives, EMD 54622, EMD 53998, and EMD 54650 (developed by E. Merck, Darmstadt), on guinea pig myocardial preparations. Force- and ATPase-pCa relations in skinned fibers show differing potencies of these agents on myofilament sensitization: EMD 54622 greater than EMD 53998 much greater than EMD 54650. This is in contrast to their relative potencies to inhibit isolated myocardial phosphodiesterase III: EMD 54650 greater than EMD 53998 greater than EMD 54622. In isolated hearts studied at constant coronary flow, each of the three diazinone derivatives had a positive inotropic effect. In enzymatically dissociated left ventricular myocytes loaded with the Ca2+ probe indo-1, the positive inotropic effect of EMD 54622 occurred with no change in the amplitude of the cytosolic [Ca2+] (Cai) transient. In contrast, both EMD 53998 and EMD 54650 enhanced Cai transient and twitch contraction amplitudes. Length-indo-1 fluorescence relations were analyzed to determine the effects of the three substances on myofilament responsiveness to Ca2+. EMD 54622 enhanced and EMD 54650 had no effect on myofilament responsiveness to Ca2+. Less uniform results were obtained with EMD 53998 (in two of five cells the myofilament responsiveness to Ca2+ was increased, whereas in three other cells it was unaltered). Our results indicate that structural changes in the diazinone molecule shift the mechanism of action for the positive inotropic effect of the diazinone derivatives in the intact cell from a predominant myofilament sensitization (EMD 54622) to an enhancement in cell Ca2+ loading and an augmentation in the Cai transient (EMD 54650).
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association