Expression of the sarcomeric actin isogenes in the rat heart with development and senescence.
Sarcomeric actin genes, alpha-cardiac and alpha-skeletal, are coexpressed in neonatal rodent hearts and are regulated in response to hormonal and hemodynamic stimuli; however, their precise developmental pattern of expression has not been determined, and it is unknown whether they are coexpressed during senescence. We have, therefore, investigated the accumulation of sarcomeric actin transcripts in rat heart during fetal and postnatal development and with senescence by two different techniques: primer extension analysis with an oligonucleotide common to both sarcomeric actins and RNA hybridization with specific cardiac alpha-actin cRNA probes. We found that at 17-19 days in utero both isogenes are coexpressed and alpha-skeletal actin mRNAs represent 28.0 +/- 0.8% of the sarcomeric actin mRNA total. Skeletal actin mRNAs increase to 40% of the total 1 week after birth (NS, p = 0.15), remain constant for 3 weeks, and decrease to less than 20% of the total in ventricles and atria of 1-month-old rats. The alpha-skeletal actin transcripts further decline to less than 5% of the total at 2 months of age and do not reaccumulate in senescent animals. There was no significant difference between male and female rat ventricles. By comparison with the known accumulations of alpha- and beta-myosin heavy chain mRNAs, our results demonstrate that whatever the developmental stage the kinetics of expression for the sarcomeric myosin and actin multigene families are independent.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association