Increased messenger RNA level of the inhibitory G protein alpha subunit Gi alpha-2 in human end-stage heart failure.
In human heart failure the positive inotropic and cAMP-elevating effects of both beta-adrenoceptor agonists and phosphodiesterase inhibitors are diminished. This has been explained at least in part by an increase in the inhibitory signal-transducing G protein (Gi) and unchanged stimulatory G protein (Gs). In the present study we determined the mRNA expression pattern of the alpha subunits of Gi-1, Gi-2, Gi-3, and Gs in myocardial tissue samples of patients undergoing heart transplantation. Northern blot analysis of total RNA extracted from left ventricles with 32P-labeled cDNAs demonstrated expression of Gi alpha-2, Gi alpha-3, and Gs alpha mRNA. In contrast, Gi alpha-1 mRNA was not detectable. To investigate whether the increased ratio of Gi/Gs might be due to altered gene expression, we compared mRNA levels of Gi alpha-2, Gi alpha-3, and Gs alpha in left ventricular myocardium from failing hearts with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (n = 8) and ischemic cardiomyopathy (n = 6) and from nonfailing hearts from transplant donors (n = 8). Compared with nonfailing control hearts, the Gi alpha-2 mRNA was increased by 75 +/- 26% (p less than 0.05) in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy hearts and 90 +/- 26% (p less than 0.05) in ischemic cardiomyopathy hearts. Gi alpha-3 and Gs alpha mRNA levels were similar in the three groups. The results suggest that as in other mammalian species, Gi alpha-2 and Gi alpha-3 mRNA are the predominant Gi alpha mRNA subtypes in human ventricular myocardium.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association