Effect of alpha-adrenergic stimulation on activation of protein kinase C and phosphorylation of proteins in intact rabbit hearts.
The intracellular events and specifically the role of protein kinase C-mediated protein phosphorylation, after alpha-adrenergic receptor stimulation of the heart, are not well understood. We examined the phosphorylation of sarcolemmal, sarcoplasmic reticular, myofibrillar, and cytosolic proteins in perfused beating rabbit hearts on activation of protein kinase C by phenylephrine. Perfusion of rabbit hearts with phenylephrine was associated with a positive inotropic response, which was dose and time dependent. Maximal stimulation (1.54-fold increase in +dP/dt) was obtained with 10 microM phenylephrine at 4 minutes. Examination of the activity levels of protein kinase C in these hearts revealed a redistribution of this activity from the cytosolic to the membranous fraction, suggesting the activation of this enzyme in vivo. Prazosin, an alpha 1-adrenergic antagonist, prevented the increase in the inotropy and the redistribution of protein kinase C activity mediated by phenylephrine. Examination of the degree of phosphorylation of membranous, myofibrillar, and cytosolic proteins revealed that activation of protein kinase C in vivo was associated with increased phosphorylation of a 15-kd sarcolemmal protein and a 28-kd cytosolic protein. There were no increases in the degree of phosphorylation of phospholamban in the sarcoplasmic reticulum and of troponin I, troponin T, and C protein in the myofibrils, although these proteins were found to be substrates for protein kinase C in vitro. These findings provide evidence that protein kinase C is activated in response to alpha-adrenergic stimulation and that activation is associated with increased phosphorylation of a 15-kd sarcolemmal protein and a 28-kd cytosolic protein in the myocardium.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association