L- and T-type Ca2+ channels in canine cardiac Purkinje cells. Single-channel demonstration of L-type Ca2+ window current.
Canine cardiac Purkinje cells contain both L- and T-type calcium currents, yet the single Ca2+ channels have not been characterized from these cells. Additionally, previous studies have shown an overlap between the steady-state inactivation and activations curves for L-type Ca2+ currents, suggesting the presence of L-type Ca2+ "window" current. We used the on-cell, patch-clamp technique to study Ca2+ channels from isolated cardiac Purkinje cells. Patches contained one or more Ca2+ channels 75% of the time. L-type channels were seen in 69% and T-type channels in 73% of these patches. With 110 mM Ba2+ as the charge carrier, the conductances of the L- and T-type Ca2+ channels were 24.2 +/- 0.8 pS (n = 9) and 9.0 +/- 0.5 pS (n = 8), respectively (mean +/- SEM). With 110 mM Ca2+ as the charge carrier, the conductance of the L-type Ca2+ channel decreased to 9.7 +/- 1.2 pS (n = 4), whereas the T-type Ca2+ channel conductance was unchanged. Voltage-dependent inactivation was shown for both L- and T-type Ca2+ channels, although for L-type Ca2+ channel with Ba2+ as the charge carrier, inactivation took at least 30 seconds at a potential of +40 mV. After channel inactivation was complete, L-type Ca2+ channel reopenings were observed following repolarizing steps into the window voltage range. Thus, our data identify both L- and T-type Ca2+ channels in cardiac Purkinje cells and demonstrate, at the single-channel level, L-type channel transitions expected for a window current. Window current may play an important role in shaping the action potential and in arrhythmogenesis.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association