Effects of adenine nucleotides on the proliferation of aortic endothelial cells.
The effects of adenine nucleotides and adenosine on DNA synthesis and cell growth have been studied in bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs). ATP produced a small but significant (+44%) increase of the fraction of BAECs whose nuclei are labeled by [3H]thymidine. This mitogenic effect was mimicked by ADP, the phosphorothioate analogues ATP gamma S and ADP beta S, and the nonhydrolyzable analogue adenosine 5'-(beta, gamma-imido)triphosphate (APPNP), whereas adenosine 5'-(alpha, beta-methylene)triphosphate (APCPP), a selective agonist of P2x-purinoceptors, had no effect at 10 microM and a small one at 100 microM; this profile is consistent with the involvement of P2y-receptors. Adenosine induced a mitogenic response of a magnitude similar to that of ATP. This effect was not reproduced by R-phenylisopropyl adenosine, by 5'-N-ethylcarboxamide adenosine, or by 2',5'-dideoxyadenosine, selective ligands of the A1- and A2-receptors and the P site, respectively, nor was it inhibited by 8-phenyltheophylline, an antagonist of both A1- and A2-receptors. The mechanism of this adenosine action thus remains unclear. ATP and ATP gamma S did not enhance the proliferation of BAECs cultured in the presence of fetal calf serum concentrations ranging from 0.5% to 10%. They inhibited the growth-promoting effect of basic fibroblast growth factor; among the various nucleotides tested, APCPP was the least effective to reproduce the action of ATP, suggesting the possible involvement of P2y-receptors.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association