Kappa and delta opioid receptor stimulation affects cardiac myocyte function and Ca2+ release from an intracellular pool in myocytes and neurons.
We investigated the effects of mu, delta, and kappa opioid receptor stimulation on the contractile properties and cytosolic Ca2+ (Cai) of adult rat left ventricular myocytes. Cells were field-stimulated at 1 Hz in 1.5 mM bathing Ca2+ at 23 degrees C. The mu-agonist [D-Ala2,N-Me-Phe4,Gly5-ol]-enkephalin (10(-5) M) had no effect on the twitch. The delta-agonists methionine enkephalin and leucine enkephalin (10(-10) to 10(-6) M) and the kappa-agonist (trans-(dl)-3,4-dichloro-N-methyl-N-[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)cyclo-hexyl]- benzeneacetamide)methanesulfonate hydrate (U-50,488H; 10(-7) to 2 x 10(-5) M) had a concentration-dependent negative inotropic action. The sustained decrease in twitch amplitude due to U-50,488H was preceded by a transient increase in contraction. The effects of delta- and kappa-receptor stimulation were antagonized by naloxone and (-)-N-(3-furyl-methyl)-alpha-normetazocine methanesulfonate, respectively. In myocytes loaded with the Ca2+ probe indo-1, the effects of leucine enkephalin (10(-8) M) and U-50,488H (10(-5) M) on the twitch were associated with similar directional changes in the Cai transient. Myofilament responsiveness to Ca2+ was assessed by the relation between twitch amplitude and systolic indo-1 transient. Leucine enkephalin (10(-8) M) had no effect, whereas U-50,488H (10(-5) M) increased myofilament responsiveness to Ca2+. We subsequently tested the hypothesis that delta and kappa opioid receptor stimulation may cause sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ depletion. The sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ content in myocytes and in a caffeine-sensitive intracellular Ca2+ store in neurons was probed in the absence of electrical stimulation via the rapid addition of a high concentration of caffeine from a patch pipette above the cell. U-50,488H and leucine enkephalin slowly increased Cai or caused Cai oscillations and eventually abolished the caffeine-triggered Cai transient. These effects occurred in both myocytes and neuroblastoma-2a cells. In cardiac myocyte suspensions U-50,488H and leucine enkephalin both caused a rapid and sustained increase in inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate. Thus, delta and kappa but not mu opioids have a negative inotropic action due to a decreased Cai transient. The decreased twitch amplitude due to kappa-receptor stimulation is preceded by a transient increase in contractility, and it occurs despite an enhanced myofilament responsiveness to Ca2+. The effects of delta and kappa opioids appear coupled to phosphatidylinositol turnover and, at least in part, may be due to sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ depletion.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association