Developmental changes in the beta-adrenergic modulation of calcium currents in rabbit ventricular cells.
We studied the developmental changes in the beta-adrenergic modulation of L-type calcium current (ICa) in enzymatically isolated adult (AD) and newborn (NB, 1-4-day-old) rabbit ventricular cells using the whole-cell patch-clamp method. ICa was measured as the peak inward current at a test potential of +15 mV by applying a 180-450-msec pulse from a holding potential of -40 mV with Cs(+)-rich pipettes and a K(+)-free bath solution at room temperature. In control, ICa density (obtained by normalizing ICa to the cell capacitance) was significantly higher in AD cells (5.5 +/- 0.2 [mean +/- SEM] pA/pF, n = 65) than in NB cells (2.6 +/- 0.1 pA/pF, n = 60). Isoproterenol (ISO, 1 nM-30 microM) increased ICa in a dose-dependent manner for both groups. The maximal effect (Emax) of ISO, expressed as percent increase in ICa over control levels, and the concentration for one half of the maximal effect (EC50) were 203% and 51 nM, respectively, for AD cells and 111% and 81 nM, respectively, for NB cells. The effect of ISO (1 microM) on ICa was decreased as the test potential was increased from -10 to +40 mV. However, the ratio of the percent increase in ICa for AD versus NB cells was almost constant (2.09-2.45) at each test potential. Dose-response curves of forskolin (FOR, 0.3-50 microM) gave Emax and EC50 of 268% and 0.74 microM, respectively, for AD cells and 380% and 1.15 microM, respectively, for NB cells. After stimulating ICa by 10 microM ISO, the addition of 10 microM FOR produced a further increase in ICa of only 12 +/- 2% in AD cells (n = 4) but a further increase of 140 +/- 41% in NB cells (n = 6). FOR (10 microM) did not produce any increase in ICa for AD and NB cells after stimulating ICa by intracellular application of 200 microM cAMP. ICa density stimulated by 10 microM ISO (17.8 +/- 1.1 pA/pF, n = 7), 10 microM FOR (21.0 +/- 1.3 pA/pF, n = 8), or 200 microM cAMP (18.0 +/- 1.3 pA/pF, n = 5) was equivalent in AD cells, whereas ICa density stimulated by 10 microM ISO (5.8 +/- 0.6 pA/pF, n = 9) was significantly lower than that stimulated by either 10 microM FOR (13.8 +/- 1.5 pA/pF, n = 7) or 200 microM cAMP (13.4 +/- 0.7 pA/pF, n = 7) in NB cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
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