Effects of hypoxia and hypercapnia on the force-velocity relation of rabbit myocardium.
The separate effects of hypoxia and hypercapnia on the force-velocity relation of rabbit myocardium were compared in 10 papillary or trabecular muscles superfused using control (95% O2-5% CO2), hypoxic (18% O2), and hypercapnic (20% CO2) physiological salt solutions. This level of hypoxia did not irreversibly damage the muscles and reduced peak isometric force by 53 +/- 11%. The level of hypercapnia was chosen to match the force depression (50 +/- 12%) produced by hypoxia. Multiple force-velocity points were measured by applying critically damped isotonic force steps at 90% of the time to peak isometric force and at the time to 50% peak isometric force. These points defined the force-velocity relation and maximum velocity of shortening, the extrapolated isometric force, and the maximum power of nonpotentiated and postextrasytolic potentiated contractions. Hypoxia and hypercapnia reduced maximum force and maximum power nearly equally. Maximum velocity of shortening decreased more during hypoxia (21 +/- 12%) than during hypercapnia (12 +/- 9%) (p less than 0.01). Postextrasystolic potentiation completely reversed the reduction of maximum velocity of shortening during hypercapnia but not during hypoxia. A 6% internal load could account for the reduction in maximum velocity of shortening during hypercapnia and all but 9% of the reduction in maximum velocity of shortening during hypoxia. The relative time course of the force-velocity relation was not altered by either hypoxia or hypercapnia. We conclude that hypercapnia reduces the effect of activation because increased activation (by postextrasystolic potentiation) restored the force-velocity relation and maximum velocity of shortening to control values.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association