Altered calcium handling in left ventricular pressure-overload hypertrophy as detected with aequorin in the isolated, perfused ferret heart.
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that systolic and diastolic dysfunction in left ventricular pressure-overload hypertrophy is caused by abnormal intracellular calcium handling. Experiments were performed with intact, buffer-perfused, isovolumic ferret hearts (n = 9 hypertrophied, n = 9 control) that were loaded with the bioluminescent indicator aequorin to monitor changes in cytoplasmic calcium. In each experiment, left ventricular pressure and intracellular calcium transients were simultaneously recorded. Compared with their age-matched controls, significant hypertrophy of the left ventricle developed 4 weeks after postvalvular aortic banding; at the time the animals were killed, the left ventricular weight/body weight ratio was increased in the banded animals (5.3 x 10(-3) versus 3.6 x 10(-3), p less than 0.001). As indicated by the diastolic pressure-volume relation, left ventricular distensibility was significantly diminished in the hypertrophied hearts. In comparison to the controls, the hypertrophied hearts demonstrated a prolonged duration of isovolumic contraction (time to 90% decline from peak: 278 +/- 5.4 versus 247 +/- 10.2 msec, p less than 0.05), but a marked decrease in peak systolic midwall stress (22.4 +/- 5.0 versus 38.6 +/- 5.7 g/cm2, p less than 0.05). The increased duration of isovolumic contraction correlated with a similar prolongation of the calcium transient (time to 90% decline from peak: 245 +/- 19.5 versus 127 +/- 13.2 msec, p less than 0.05), indicating that the rate of sequestration and perhaps release of calcium by the sarcoplasmic reticulum is decreased in hypertrophy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association