Control of the Na-Ca exchanger in isolated heart cells. I. Induction of Na-Na exchange in sodium-loaded cells by intracellular calcium.
Isolated adult rat heart cells in suspension were loaded with sodium by incubation with ouabain in the absence of calcium for 30 minutes. Addition of low levels of calcium induced accelerated rates of sodium influx and efflux, as measured with 22Na. The magnitude of calcium-induced 22Na efflux was 50-fold greater than the net rate of calcium uptake and required extracellular sodium, but not extracellular calcium, once some calcium was taken up. Calcium did not induce 86Rb efflux. The accelerated rate of 22Na efflux was prevented by verapamil, but verapamil was ineffective when added after calcium. Addition of EGTA after calcium reversed the effect of calcium, but only after incubation. Dichlorobenzamil, unlike verapamil, both prevented and reversed the induction of sodium fluxes by calcium. We conclude 1) that intracellular calcium induces Na-Na exchange through the Na-Ca exchanger in sodium-loaded cells exposed to calcium; and 2) that Na-Na exchange can be activated by calcium that enters the cell through calcium channels. We propose that this Na-Na exchange reflects the intrinsic activity of the Na-Ca exchanger.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association