Identification and functional significance of troponin I isoforms in neonatal rat heart myofibrils.
We investigated the mechanism(s) responsible for differences in the effects of acidic pH on Ca2+ activation of the activity of adult and neonatal rat heart myofilaments. Studies on preparations of myofilaments reconstituted with adult troponin-tropomyosin (Tn-Tm) and either adult or neonatal thick filaments indicated that the difference in effect of acidic pH is related to differences in Tn-Tm and not other myofilament proteins. Immunoblotting analysis showed that development of the rat heart myofibrils is associated with isoform switching from slow skeletal TnI to cardiac TnI and from a slow mobility isoform of TnT (TnT1) to a faster Mr isoform (TnT2. Expression of slow skeletal TnI was associated with a relative insensitivity of myofilament Ca2+ activation to deactivation by acidic pH. Moreover, the effect of acidic pH on Ca2+ activation of ATPase activity of soleus myofibrils, which contain cardiac TnC and slow skeletal TnI, was essentially the same as the effect of acidic pH on rat cardiac myofibrils in the early neonatal period. Neonatal myofilaments also contained a relative abundance of a set of polypeptides copurifying with the thin filaments. We have identified these proteins as histones. The relative amount of histones among a variety of preparations from different species was not correlated with the pH sensitivity of myofibrillar Ca2+ activation. Shifts in TnT isoforms among these species were also not correlated with an altered response to acidic pH. Our data provide evidence in support of the hypothesis that the relative insensitivity of neonatal myofilament activity to acidic pH is due to the presence of slow skeletal TnI in the thin-filament regulatory complex.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association