Species differences in myocardial beta-adrenergic receptor regulation in response to hyperthyroidism.
The coupling between myocardial beta-adrenergic receptors, adenylate cyclase activity, and the in vivo cardiac response to catecholamines is controversial in hyperthyroidism. The possibility of species differences in beta-adrenoceptor regulation after thyroxine treatment was studied in dogs and in rats. In dogs instrumented with a left ventricular (LV) pressure micromanometer, hyperthyroidism was induced by L-thyroxine (0.5 mg/kg/day i.v. for 10 days). After hyperthyroidism, heart rate was increased to 167 +/- 10 beats/min (control, 107 +/- 8 beats/min; p less than 0.005) with an increase of peak LV dP/dt from 4,243 +/- 471 to 6,105 +/- 862 mm Hg/sec (p less than 0.01). LV response to injection of increasing doses of isoproterenol and dobutamine was not significantly different before and after induction of the hyperthyroid state, as shown by the unchanged slopes of the LV peak dP/dt versus the log of the dose of isoproterenol and dobutamine. Bmax of beta-receptors measured in crude membranes using 3H-CGP 12177 and in homogenates using 125I-cyanopindolol was not increased in hyperthyroid animals as compared with a control group. Basal adenylate cyclase activity was not different in control and hyperthyroid dogs (32 +/- 3 versus 29 +/- 3 pmol/mg/min), and maximal adenylate cyclase activity response to isoproterenol was similar in control and hyperthyroid dogs. In contrast, in rats subjected to hyperthyroidism (0.5 mg/kg/day i.p. L-thyroxine for 10 days), Bmax of adrenoceptors measured using the same methods was significantly increased as compared with control (+72.5% using 3H-CGP 12177 and +41% using 125I-cyanopindolol, but adenylate cyclase activity was not increased in hyperthyroid rats. We conclude that both adenylate cyclase activity and LV response to catecholamines are not increased by thyroxine-induced hyperthyroidism in dogs and that, in contrast with rats, beta-adrenergic density is not increased in hyperthyroid dogs. This indicates a species difference in myocardial beta-adrenoceptor regulation in response to hyperthyroidism.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association