Arterial wall and smooth muscle cell development in young Wistar rats and the effects of surgical denervation.
Development of the muscular saphenous artery and the effect of surgical denervation on normal development was investigated in young rats at 3 and 6 weeks of age. During this interval, the weight and blood pressures (systolic, diastolic, and mean) of the animals increased significantly. The tunica media of the artery and the lumen increased significantly with age, but the proportion of smooth muscle cell to paracellular matrix did not alter. Computer-assisted three-dimensional reconstructions were used to investigate the smooth muscle cells. They increased significantly in length, volume, and angle of orientation within the vessel wall with age but maintained an approximate surface area-to-volume ratio. The cells in any one vessel tended to be oriented in either a clockwise or counterclockwise direction. The size of the nucleus also increased significantly in length and volume with age, but an approximate surface area-to-volume ratio and a constant nucleocytoplasmic ratio were maintained. The nuclei tended to be eccentrically located, with less than half of all nuclei wholly within the middle third of the cell. Surgical denervation at 10 days of age resulted in abnormalities of growth in vessel dimensions, thinner tunica media at 3 weeks (denervated 11 days previously), and smaller lumen at 6 weeks (denervated 32 days previously). Elevated amounts of paracellular matrix occurred in both age groups, but denervation did not alter smooth muscle cell size. In the 3-week-old animals, denervation resulted in smooth muscle cells with hypertrophied nuclei. This may account for the increase in growth of the tunica media between 3 and 6 weeks of age in the denervated artery.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association