cGMP inhibits the activity of single calcium channels in embryonic chick heart cells.
Effects of cGMP on the slow (L-type) Ca2+ channels of cultured chick embryonic cardiomyocytes were investigated by a cell-attached patch-clamp method. Superfusion of the single cells with 8-bromo-cGMP, a membrane-permeable derivative of cGMP, inhibited the single-channel activity. The cyclic nucleotide decreased, in a concentration-dependent manner, the ensemble averaged currents obtained from multichannel patches. 8-Bromo-cGMP (1 mM) completely abolished the currents (n = 8), whereas 0.1 mM only slightly decreased the currents (n = 4). The influence of cGMP on the characteristics of the single Ca2+ channels was examined using 0.3 mM 8-bromo-cGMP. Unit amplitude and slope conductance of the Ca2+ channel was not changed (25 pS in control versus 24 pS in the presence of cGMP). Analysis of single-channel kinetics showed that cGMP prolonged the slow time constant for the closed-time histogram (from 6.7 to 15.4 msec); the other time constants (for the open-time and closed-time histograms) were not affected. cGMP-induced inhibition of the Ca2+ channels may be mediated by cGMP-dependent protein kinase, because 8-bromo-cGMP is a potent activator of this protein kinase and does not stimulate cAMP hydrolysis. The present results suggest that cGMP opposes the effects of cAMP on the L-type Ca2+ channels in myocardial cells.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association