Restricted secretion of a T-lymphocyte chemotactic cytokine by serotonin-stimulated cultured aortic endothelial cells.
The diversity of biologically active molecules produced by vascular endothelium suggests that the endothelial cell is an active participant in numerous physiological responses, including those of the immune system. In fact, the accumulation of T lymphocytes at extralymphatic inflammatory foci represents a series of interactions between lymphocytes and vascular endothelial cells. These interactions, however, may be modulated by other factors, such as vasoactive amines. In the current study, we report that serotonin-stimulated cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) secrete a T-lymphocyte chemotactic cytokine (endothelial cell-derived lymphocyte chemotactic activity [ED-LCA]). Supernatants from BAECs incubated with 10(-7)-10(-4) M serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) enhanced T-cell migration, which peaked at 10(-5) M 5-HT (235 +/- 18% control migration). ED-LCA was not stored in an active form in BAECs; its secretion occurred within 60 minutes of exposure to 5-HT and was blocked by two different 5-HT2 receptor antagonists. ED-LCA was not secreted after exposure of BAECs to histamine or angiotensin II, nor was it secreted by either 5-HT-stimulated bovine pulmonary arterial or human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Physicochemical characterization of ED-LCA demonstrated that it was a trypsin-sensitive protein with an apparent molecular mass of 13-15 kDa. Preparative isoelectric focusing demonstrated pIs of 6.0 and 7.5. When applied to a molecular sieve column, the chemotactic activity corresponding to these pIs eluted in the region of 13-15 kDa. Further investigation demonstrated that partially purified ED-LCA was specific for CD4+ and CD8+ T-lymphocyte subsets and did not enhance the migration of neutrophils or monocytes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association