Heterogeneity of endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent responses to aggregating platelets in porcine pulmonary arteries.
Experiments were designed to determine the endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent responses to aggregating platelets in porcine pulmonary arteries. Isolated rings with and without endothelium from large (5-7-mm-diameter) and small (2-3-mm-diameter) pulmonary arteries were suspended in modified Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate solution bubbled with 95% O2-5% CO2 in the presence of indomethacin. Aggregating platelets caused relaxations in rings with endothelium but contractions in rings without endothelium, both of which were significantly larger in small versus large pulmonary artery rings. Serotonin and ADP caused concentration-dependent endothelium-augmented relaxations that were unaffected by ketanserin. Methiothepin, but not apyrase, significantly decreased the platelet-induced endothelium-dependent relaxations; the residual relaxation was abolished when rings were incubated with methiothepin, apyrase, and theophylline but was unaffected if apyrase was absent, indicating that ADP is responsible for the residual relaxation caused by aggregating platelets. Quiescent rings, with and without endothelium, contracted in a dose-dependent manner to norepinephrine and histamine but not to serotonin or vasopressin. The contraction to aggregating platelets was blocked by methiothepin, pyrilamine, and diphenhydramine but was unaffected by phentolamine, ketanserin, or incubation of the platelets with dazoxiben. These data indicate that, in large and small porcine pulmonary arteries, serotonin and ADP are the major contributors to the endothelium-dependent relaxation caused by aggregating platelets, while histamine appears to be responsible for the contraction that platelets cause in rings without endothelium.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association