Cellular distribution of phosphodiesterase isoforms in rat cardiac tissue.
We have resolved multiple forms of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) in whole rat ventricle and in isolated rat ventricular myocytes by use of anion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography. One major form, the soluble calmodulin-stimulated PDE, is apparently absent from isolated myocytes. We discern four peaks of PDE activity (designated A-D in the order of their elution) in a soluble fraction obtained from whole rat ventricle. Peak A is stimulated twofold to threefold by the addition of calcium and calmodulin (Ca2+/CalM) and preferentially hydrolyzes cGMP over cAMP (in the presence of Ca2+/CalM, KmcGMP = 1.5 microM, KmcAMP = 17 microM). Peak B has similar affinities for both cAMP and cGMP (half-maximum velocities achieved at 30 microM substrate) and demonstrates positive cooperativity with cAMP but not with cGMP. The hydrolysis of cAMP by peak B is stimulated by cGMP at substrate concentrations up to 20 microM; the maximum effect is seen at 1 microM cAMP (25-fold stimulation by 3 microM cGMP). This pattern of stimulation by cGMP results from two kinetic changes: an increase in the enzyme's apparent affinity for cAMP (apparent KmcAMP decreases from 33 to 11 microM) and the abolition of positive cooperativity. Peaks C and D selectively hydrolyze cAMP, are not stimulated by Ca2+/CalM or cGMP, and differ in their affinities for substrate (peak C, apparent KmcAMP = 7.2 microM; peak D, 0.44 microM). In addition, peak D is much more sensitive than peak C to inhibition by cGMP, cilostamide, rolipram, and milrinone. Ro20-1724 is a slightly more potent inhibitor of peak D than of peak C. Peak D appears to consist of two different enzyme activities, one inhibited by cGMP, cilostamide, and cardiotonic drugs and the other potently inhibited by rolipram. In contrast to whole ventricle, the soluble fraction of isolated rat ventricular myocytes lacks peak A. Three major peaks in myocytes are entirely analogous to peaks B, C, and D of whole ventricle in terms of the NaCl concentration at which they elute, substrate affinities, and stimulation or inhibition by various drugs and effectors. We conclude that the soluble Ca2+/CalM-stimulated PDE in whole rat ventricle is present in nonmyocyte cells.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association