Energetics of isometric force development in control and volume-overload human myocardium. Comparison with animal species.
Alteration in crossbridge behavior and myocardial performance have been associated with myosin isoenzyme composition in animal models of myocardial hypertrophy or atrophy. In the hypertrophied human heart, myocardial performance is altered without significant changes in myosin isoenzymes. To better understand this discrepancy, isometric heat and force measurements were carried out in 1) control and volume-overload human myocardium, 2) control, pressure-overload, and hyperthyroid rabbit myocardium, and 3) control and hypothyroid rat myocardium. In control human myocardium, peak isometric twitch tension was 44.0 +/- 11.7 mN/mm2, and maximum rate of tension rise was 69.2 +/- 21.0 mN/sec.mm2. In volume-overload human myocardium, peak twitch tension and maximum rate of tension rise were reduced by 55% (p less than 0.05) and 65% (p less than 0.05), respectively. The average force-time integral of the individual crossbridge cycle, calculated by myothermal techniques, was increased by 85% (p less than 0.005) in volume-overload human myocardium. In control and hormonally altered myocardium, both across and within species (control human, control rat, control rabbit, hypothyroid rat, and hyperthyroid rabbit), there was a close relation between the crossbridge force-time integral and the percentage of V3-type myosin isoenzyme in the myocardium. However, hemodynamically altered (volume-overload human and pressure-overload rabbit) myocardium did not follow this relation. Across and within species, there were significant correlations between maximum rate of tension rise and average tension-dependent heat rate (r = 0.97, p less than 0.001) and between maximum rate of tension fall and average tension-independent heat rate (r = 0.82; p less than 0.025). Furthermore, there were close inverse relations between these heat rates and the crossbridge force-time integral. In addition, there was an inverse relation between tension-independent heat and the crossbridge force-time integral. Across and within species total myocardial energy turnover was significantly correlated with the crossbridge force-time integral (relative total heat, r = -0.84, p less than 0.02; relative total-activity related heat, r = -0.88, p less than 0.01). The present findings indicate that 1) factors separate from myosin isoenzymes account for the altered crossbridge cycle in volume-overload human and pressure-overload rabbit myocardium, 2) changes in excitation-contraction coupling processes accompany changes in the crossbridge cycle within and across species, and 3) the force-time integral of the crossbridge cycle is a major determinant of total myocardial energy turnover.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association