Coronary microvascular resistance in hypertensive cats.
Chronic systemic hypertension has been shown to alter the distribution of vascular resistance in many microvascular beds. The purposes of this study were to assess the effects of chronic systemic hypertension on the pressure distribution in the coronary microcirculation and to determine the microvascular site where coronary vascular resistance is increased. Cats were made hypertensive using a one-kidney, one-wrap model (Page model). A servonulling system was used to directly measure pressures in the epimyocardial microvessels of the beating left ventricle in normotensive and hypertensive cats. In chronically hypertensive cats, mean arterial pressure was 153 +/- 5 mm Hg compared with 98 +/- 3 mm Hg in normotensive cats (p less than 0.05). Left ventricular mass was increased approximately 34% in hypertensive cats (9.4 +/- 0.3 versus 7.0 +/- 0.3 g, p less than 0.05). Myocardial perfusion measured using radiolabeled microspheres was not different between hypertensive and normal cats. Coronary vascular resistance of the left ventricle was increased in hypertensive cats (0.90 +/- 0.08 versus 0.66 +/- 0.05 mm Hg x min x 100 g/ml, p less than 0.05). Microvascular pressures were measured in three groups of microvessels: small, less than 200 microns; medium, 200-300 microns; and large, greater than or equal to 300 microns. Mean microvascular pressures of large, medium, and small arterial microvessels in hypertensive cats were 144 +/- 8, 127 +/- 6, and 115 +/- 7 mm Hg, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association