Postnatal maturation of excitation-contraction coupling in rat ventricle in relation to the subcellular localization and surface density of 1,4-dihydropyridine and ryanodine receptors.
To better understand excitation-contraction coupling in cardiac muscle, we investigated the main Ca2+ channels involved in that process in adult and neonatal rat ventricle. Voltage-dependent (L-type) Ca2+ channels and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release channels were labeled by means of [3H] (+)-PN200-110 and [3H]ryanodine, respectively. The number of [3H]ryanodine binding sites (per gram tissue) increased more than that of [3H] (+)-PN200-110 binding sites over the postnatal period (2.1-fold versus 1.35-fold, respectively). After equilibration of microsomal fractions in density gradient, ryanodine receptors were characterized by a heavy distribution pattern that did not change appreciably between days 1 and 30 after birth. In neonatal tissue, 1,4-dihydropyridine receptors were found mainly in low-density subfractions, together with other sarcolemmal constituents, whereas in adult tissue, they were recovered predominantly in high-density subfractions, together with ryanodine receptors. Thus, after birth, and in parallel with the development of T tubules, there was a progressive concentration of L-type Ca2+ channels in junctional structures of high equilibrium density, where they were situated close to the Ca2+ release channels of the sarcoplasmic reticulum. In adult ventricle, L-type channels were, on an average, threefold more abundant in T tubules than in external sarcolemma. In parallel mechanical studies, we found that the inhibitory action of ryanodine on systolic contraction was much more pronounced in adult than in neonatal right ventricle, and that, conversely, neonatal tissue was more sensitive that adult tissue to inhibitors of L-type channels. We conclude that, in view of the presumed mechanism of Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum, that is, Ca(2+)-induced Ca2+ release, the predominant localization in adult rat ventricle of the major Ca2+ entry pathway in the vicinity of the Ca2+ release pathway is of great functional significance. Furthermore, owing to the relative stoichiometry of Ca2+ entry and Ca2+ release channels in junctional structures (about 1:9), a physical link between these channels is not likely to be involved in the modulation of Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum in cardiac muscle.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association