Beta-adrenergic agonists stimulate the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway in the rat heart.
The oxidative pentose phosphate pathway is poorly developed in the rat heart compared with other organs, since the activity of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PDH), the first and rate-limiting enzyme of the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway, is low. As a consequence, the available pool of 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate and the rate of adenine nucleotide biosynthesis are limited. Isoproterenol, 24 hours after subcutaneous administration at 0.1, 1, and 25 mg/kg, stimulated the activity of G-6-PDH in whole hearts dose-dependently from 4.3 +/- 0.16 (control) to 6.6 +/- 0.35, 10.3 +/- 0.82, and 11.5 +/- 0.56 units/g protein, respectively. The activity of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, another of the enzymes in the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway, remained unchanged. G-6-PDH activity started to increase 12 hours after isoproterenol application, when the glycogenolytic and functional response was over, and reached a peak value between 24 and 48 hours. This stimulating effect was also demonstrated in cardiac myocytes that were isolated 28 hours after isoproterenol application. beta-receptor blockade with atenolol reduced the isoproterenol-induced increase in cardiac G-6-PDH activity by 90%. Cycloheximide, which inhibits translation, and actinomycin D, which interferes with transcription, attenuated it by 83% and 78%, respectively. These results indicate that cardiac beta-adrenergic receptors and enzyme protein synthesis are involved in this effect. Other beta-sympathomimetic agents such as dopamine, dobutamine, fenoterol, salbutamol, and terbutaline also stimulated myocardial G-6-PDH activity in a time- and dose-related manner. The calcium antagonist D 600 (gallopamil) reduced the isoproterenol-elicited stimulation by 65%, and verapamil blunted the fenoterol-induced increase by 50%. This suggests that Ca2+ ions also contribute to the stimulation of the cardiac oxidative pentose phosphate pathway.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association