Changes in cerebrovascular prostaglandins and thromboxane as a function of systemic blood pressure. Cerebral blood flow autoregulation of the newborn.
Cerebrovascular concentrations of prostaglandin E (PGE), prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha), 6-ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha (6-keto-PGF1 alpha), and thromboxane B2 (TXB2) were determined over a blood pressure range of 17-117 mm Hg (induced by inflation of balloon-tipped catheters placed in the thoracic descending aorta and at the aortic root) in eight newborn piglets to access the role of prostanoids in cerebral blood flow (CBF; measured using radioactive microspheres) autoregulation. Basal systemic blood pressure, heart rate, blood gases, total CBF, and prostanoid concentrations were stable. CBF was constant between 50 and 90 mm Hg, but beyond this range CBF varied directly with blood pressure (tau = 0.48; p less than 0.05). Sagittal sinus concentrations of PGE, PGF2 alpha, and 6-keto-PGF1 alpha varied with blood pressure according to a quadratic function (R2 = 0.92 to 0.96; p less than 0.0001), exhibiting lowest values between mean blood pressures of 60 and 90 mm Hg. During hypotension (17-49 mm Hg), there was a greater relative increase in sagittal sinus concentrations of TXB2 than of PGE, PGF2 alpha, and 6-keto-PGF1 alpha; at the lowest blood pressures, TXB2 increased by 658 +/- 44%, and prostaglandins increased on the average by 331 +/- 49% (p less than 0.01) from their values during normotension (50-90 mm Hg). During hypertension (91-117 mm Hg), cerebrovascular production and concentrations of prostaglandins increased by 142 +/- 31% and 45 +/- 10%, respectively, but did not change for TXB2.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association