Dynamics of atrial peptide secretion in the coronary circulation of the conscious dog.
The secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide by the heart is not simply the arterial-coronary sinus concentration difference times coronary blood flow, because only a small fraction of total coronary blood flow passes through the atria. We measured coronary sinus and arterial plasma atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) concentrations and blood flow to each part of the heart using the radioactive microsphere technique. Before acute volume expansion, the arterial-coronary sinus ANF difference was 305 +/- 23 pg/ml and rose to 1,009 +/- 220 pg/ml during volume expansion, whereas total coronary blood flow rose from 167 to 465 ml/min. Atrial blood flow rose from 2.9% to 4.6% of total coronary blood flow during volume expansion. ANF secretion rate increased from 51 to 469 ng/min. When divided by atrial weight, ANF secretion rate increased from 4.0 +/- 0.3 to 56 +/- 12 ng/min/g atrial tissue-in other words, from 0.3% to 3.7% of tissue ANF content each minute. Dividing by atrial blood flow indicated that the concentration of ANF leaving atrial tissue was 10,000 to 29,651 pg/ml, and the additional secretion of ANF was determined by the increase in coronary blood flow. Therefore, at least two mechanisms are responsible for altering coronary sinus ANF and circulating ANF: the release rate from atrial myocytes and the washout via changes in atrial blood flow.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association