Actions of Ca2+ antagonists on two types of Ca2+ channels in rat aorta smooth muscle cells in primary culture.
Mechanisms of blockade of two types of Ca2+ channels by the organic Ca2+ antagonists, nicardipine, diltiazem, verapamil, and flunarizine, were examined in rat aorta smooth muscle cells in primary culture by using the whole-cell voltage-clamp method. T-type Ca2+ current (T-type ICa) was isolated by an internal perfusion of 5 mM F-, which irreversibly suppressed the L-type ICa, without affecting T-type ICa. L-type ICa was isolated by setting a holding potential at -60 mV, at which most of the T-type Ca2+ channels were inactivated. L-type ICa is halved by 0.1 microM nicardipine, 3.0 microM diltiazem, 0.6 microM verapamil, and 0.1 microM flunarizine, whereas T-type ICa is halved by the same drugs at 0.6, 30, 30, and 0.1 microM, respectively. Diltiazem and verapamil accelerated the decay of L-type ICa and cumulatively blocked L-type ICa during repetitive step depolarizations elicited every 30 seconds ("use-dependent block"). Diltiazem and verapamil neither changed the decay of T-type ICa nor showed a use-dependent block of T-type ICa. Nicardipine and flunarizine blocked both L- and T-type ICa from the first depolarization step after drug treatment ("tonic block") and shifted their steady-state inactivation curves to the left. The estimated binding constants of nicardipine and flunarizine for the inactivated state of T-type Ca2+ channels (48 and 19 nM, respectively) were smaller than those for the resting state of L-type Ca2+ channels (160 and 90 nM, respectively). A low concentration (0.1 microM) of nicardipine initially potentiated T-type ICa and then reduced it. We conclude from these results that 1) nicardipine and flunarizine block not only the resting state but, more preferentially, the inactivated state of both the L- and T-type Ca2+ channels; 2) verapamil and diltiazem preferentially act on the open state of the L-type Ca2+ channel and on the resting and inactivated state of the T-type Ca2+ channel; and 3) the T-type Ca2+ channel of the rat aorta smooth muscle cells appears to be more sensitive to nicardipine and flunarizine than does the L-type Ca2+ channel at around the resting membrane potential.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association