Effect of protein intake on regional vascular resistance and reactivity to angiotensin II in the rat.
Male Sprague-Dawley rats (200-250 g) were fed low protein (6%) diets (LP rats), high protein (50%) diets (HP rats), or regular rat chow (approximately 16% protein) (control rats) and studied under anesthesia after 2 weeks. Dietary protein intake did not affect mean arterial pressure, but renal blood flow was increased in the HP rats and decreased in the LP rats compared with the control rats. Mesenteric blood flow was not significantly different in the three diet groups. Captopril (10 mg.kg-1 i.v.) had no effect on renal vascular resistance in the HP rat but did reduce the elevated renal vascular resistance seen in the LP rat. Meclofenamate (5 mg.kg-1 i.v.) did not significantly affect renal hemodynamics in either HP or LP rats. Finally, the HP rat exhibited resistance to the systemic pressor, renal, and mesenteric vasoconstrictor effects of angiotensin II. Captopril restored the systemic pressor and the mesenteric vasoconstrictor response but not the renal vasoconstrictor response to angiotensin II. Meclofenamate, on the other hand, restored both the systemic pressor response and the renal vasoconstrictor response. Thus, in the LP rat, the vascular response to angiotensin II remains intact, and renal vasoconstriction appears to be mediated by angiotensin II. In contrast, in the HP rat, the renovascular response to angiotensin II is blunted apparently because of enhanced renal prostaglandin production. However, neither increased renal prostaglandin synthesis nor blunting of the renovascular response to angiotensin II appears to account for the chronic vasodilation seen in the HP rat.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association