Messenger RNA levels of guanine nucleotide-binding proteins are reduced in the ventricle of cardiomyopathic hamsters.
The expression of guanine nucleotide-binding protein (G-protein) genes (Gs alpha, Go alpha, Gi alpha 1, Gi alpha 2, and Gi alpha 3) was examined in the ventricle of cardiomyopathic Syrian hamsters of the Bio14.6 strain (10-35 weeks old). Northern blot analysis of total cellular RNA revealed that all G-protein genes except Gi alpha 1 were expressed in the ventricle of Syrian hamsters. Gs alpha and Gi alpha 2 genes were abundantly expressed. The expression levels of the Gs alpha and Gi alpha 2 messenger RNAs in Bio14.6 ventricles were lower than the levels in ventricles of the F1B hamster strain; the abundance of Go alpha and Gi alpha 3 messenger RNAs did not change markedly. Moreover, the messenger RNA levels of Gs alpha and Gi alpha 2 decreased as the stage of cardiomyopathy progressed. Since G-proteins are linked to adenylate cyclase, these alterations of G-protein messenger RNA levels may be related to reduced contractility of cardiomyopathic heart.
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