Superoxide anion release from blood and bone marrow neutrophils is altered by endotoxemia.
In vivo endotoxin infusion produces neutrophil-mediated acute lung injury and increases superoxide anion release from phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-stimulated blood neutrophils collected 18-24 hours after the infusion. Because the turnover time of circulating blood neutrophils is only 6-8 hours, it was hypothesized that the prolonged increase in superoxide anion release from peripheral blood neutrophils is associated with increased superoxide anion release from bone marrow neutrophils. To test this hypothesis, two doses of Escherichia coli endotoxin (5.0 and 0.5 micrograms/kg) were infused into chronically instrumented awake sheep. Blood and bone marrow neutrophils were collected 24 hours after the infusion, and superoxide anion release from unstimulated and PMA-stimulated neutrophils was measured in vitro. Endotoxin infusion produced an increase in pulmonary microvascular permeability, in intravascular activation (degranulation) of blood neutrophils, and in circulating blood neutrophils 24 hours after the infusion. High-dose endotoxin (5.0 micrograms/kg; n = 4) increased superoxide anion release from unstimulated peripheral blood neutrophils (2.25 +/- 0.38 times baseline [p less than or equal to 0.05]) and from peripheral blood neutrophils stimulated with 10(-9) M PMA in vitro (1.46 +/- 0.55 times baseline). Low-dose endotoxin (0.5 micrograms/kg; n = 5), on the other hand, did not alter superoxide anion release from peripheral blood neutrophils. Bone marrow neutrophils could not be isolated reproducibly after high-dose endotoxin because of leukoaggregation. Bone marrow neutrophils were isolated after low-dose endotoxin infusion. Stimulation of these cells with 10(-9) M PMA in vitro resulted in a two- to fourfold increase above control release (p less than or equal to 0.05). Increased superoxide anion release from both peripheral blood and bone marrow neutrophils occurred in the absence of circulating endotoxin, as measured by a Limulus assay. These results show that the prolonged increase in superoxide anion release from peripheral blood neutrophils is associated with an increase in the superoxide anion release from bone marrow neutrophils. Furthermore, the recruitment of affected bone marrow neutrophils into peripheral blood may explain the increased superoxide anion release from blood neutrophils 24 hours after endotoxin infusion.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association