Regulation of myosin heavy chain expression in the hearts of hypertensive rats by testosterone.
Stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats were used for our investigation of the influence of prepubertal gonadectomy and testosterone substitution on blood pressure, cardiac hypertrophy, and the expression of ventricular myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoenzymes at different developmental stages. Blood pressure and the degree of cardiac hypertrophy were decreased by castration and increased by testosterone substitution. We found the same relative distributions of MHC isoforms on the protein level (investigated by pyrophosphate electrophoresis) and on the messenger RNA level (investigated by the polymerase chain reaction). Castration favored the expression of the beta-MHC form, and testosterone substitution enhanced the expression of the alpha-MHC form. These effects were more pronounced in 8-week-old than in 14-16-week-old animals. We conclude that testosterone regulates cardiac MHC expression on a pretranslational level. This regulation is independent of hemodynamic load or cardiac hypertrophy.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association