Molecular cloning of gene sequences from rat heart rapidly responsive to pressure overload.
Although pressure overload induces cardiac hypertrophy and reexpression of contractile protein isogenes, the molecular mechanism of both is not well understood. We demonstrated the early change in the translational activity of specific cardiac messenger RNA by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis of in vitro translational products. A total of over 400 translational products were detected by fluorography, and the relative predominance of eight species was increased by pressure overload whereas that of two translational products was decreased. We cloned four pressure-overload-responsive complementary DNA clones, pPO-1, -4, -5, and -6, by differential dot blot hybridization. Two clones were increased from the early period after the imposition of pressure overload; the other two were decreased. The expression pattern of each complementary DNA clone in the pressure-overloaded hearts was similar to that in fetal hearts. Pressure overload also induced the additional messenger RNA, which hybridized with pPO-4. This mRNA was also recognized in fetal, neonatal, and adult spontaneously hypertensive rat hearts. The induction of this transcript by pressure overload was not suppressed but, rather, stimulated by cycloheximide. These results suggest that there are some genes that rapidly respond to pressure overload and that may play some role in the development of cardiac hypertrophy.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association