Interaction between endothelin-1 and endothelium-derived relaxing factor in human arteries and veins.
Endothelin-1 is a 21-amino acid endothelial vasoconstrictor peptide that may be the physiological antagonist of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF). Endothelin-1 (10(-11)-3 x 10(-7) M) evoked potent contractions of isolated internal mammary arteries, internal mammary veins, and saphenous veins, which were enhanced in internal mammary veins as compared with internal mammary arteries (concentration shift, 6.3-fold; p less than 0.05) but not in the saphenous veins. Endothelial removal augmented the response to the peptide (at 3 x 10(-7) M) in internal mammary arteries (p less than 0.05) but not in veins. In the artery, EDRF released by acetylcholine or bradykinin reversed endothelin-1-induced contractions; in saphenous veins, both agonists were much less effective compared with the artery and veins contracted with norepinephrine (p less than 0.005-0.01). This inhibition of endothelium-dependent relaxations in veins occurred at half-maximal contractions but was most prominent at maximal contractions to the peptide. Nitric oxide similarly inhibited contractions to endothelin-1 and norepinephrine in internal mammary arteries, whereas in veins that were contracted with endothelin-1 but not with norepinephrine, the relaxations were blunted (p less than 0.005). The nitric oxide donor SIN-1 and sodium nitroprusside induced complete relaxations of internal mammary arteries but were less effective in veins contracted with endothelin-1 (p less than 0.005). Thus, in normal human arteries, EDRF inhibits endothelin-1-induced contractions, whereas the peptide specifically attenuates the effects of EDRF and nitrovasodilators in veins. This may be important in pathological conditions associated with increased levels of endothelin-1 and in veins used as coronary bypass grafts.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association