Localization of adenosine deaminase and adenosine deaminase complexing protein in rabbit heart. Implications for adenosine metabolism.
The distribution of adenosine deaminase and adenosine deaminase complexing protein in rabbit heart has been compared using immunohistochemical staining procedures. Sections (4-5 microns) of tissue fixed in Clarke's solution or paraformaldehyde and embedded in paraffin were stained by the peroxidase anti-peroxidase method for adenosine deaminase or complexing protein, using affinity purified antibodies. Staining for adenosine deaminase and complexing protein was observed in the central myocardium of all heart chambers. Adenosine deaminase was detected in endothelial cells of blood vessels and adjacent pericytes. The nuclei of arteries stained heavily for adenosine deaminase, whereas those of venules and small veins, although positive, stained much more lightly. The cytoplasm of blood vessel endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells of the tunica media were also weakly positive for adenosine deaminase. Endothelial cells of the endocardium and epicardium did not stain. Randomly distributed mononuclear inflammatory cells and interstitial connective tissue fibroblasts were also negative for adenosine deaminase. These results raise the possibility that endothelial cells containing adenosine deaminase could serve as a metabolic barrier preventing the free exchange of plasma and interstitial adenosine. Positive staining for complexing protein was restricted to blood vessel endothelial cells, especially cytoplasmic processes. Colocalization experiments carried out with biotinylated primary antibodies indicate that some vessels are positive for both adenosine deaminase and complexing protein. This is the first experimental evidence of possible in situ association of adenosine deaminase and complexing protein.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association