Postischemic recovery of mechanical performance and energy metabolism in the presence of left ventricular hypertrophy. A 31P-MRS study.
The present study was undertaken to define the effects of left ventricular hypertrophy on postischemic recovery of myocardial performance and high energy phosphate metabolism. Hemodynamics and 31P-magnetic resonance spectra were monitored simultaneously in the isolated Langendorff-perfused rat heart during 30 minutes of ischemia and 30 minutes of reperfusion. Left ventricular hypertrophy was produced by either suprarenal aortic constriction or chronic thyroxine administration. In chronic pressure overload hypertrophy, minimal coronary resistance was significantly higher (p less than 0.001) and the loss of purine nucleosides in the coronary effluent during early reperfusion significantly larger (p less than 0.001) compared with both normal hearts and thyroxine-induced hypertrophied hearts. Postischemic recovery of the baseline values for left ventricular developed pressure and phosphorylation potential was 43 +/- 4% and 82 +/- 4%, respectively, in chronic pressure overload hypertrophied hearts; 86 +/- 4% and 91 +/- 3%, respectively, in normal hearts (chronic pressure overload hypertrophy versus normal hearts, p less than 0.001 and p less than 0.05); and 100 +/- 4% and 98 +/- 2%, respectively, in thyroxine-induced hypertrophied hearts (normal hearts versus thyroxine-induced hypertrophied hearts, p less than 0.05 and p less than 0.05). Recovery after reperfusion was not related to intracellular pH, ATP, phosphocreatine, or inorganic phosphate levels during ischemia. Also, recovery was not related to developed pressure or oxygen consumption before ischemia. However, recovery was inversely related to coronary resistance and directly related to coronary flow before ischemia. Thus, functional and/or anatomic alterations of the coronary vascular bed and a greater loss of purine nucleosides during reperfusion are likely responsible for the attenuated compensatory response to ischemia and reperfusion in left ventricular hypertrophy induced by chronic pressure overload. On the other hand, the excess muscle mass per se does not seem to alter recovery, since thyroxine-induced myocardial hypertrophied hearts responded at least as well as normal hearts.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association