Evidence for the existence of inositol tetrakisphosphate in mammalian heart. Effect of alpha 1-adrenoceptor stimulation.
The time course of the effects of phenylephrine (10 mumol/l) on force of contraction and on inositol phosphates in electrically driven left auricles from rat hearts labeled with [3H]inositol was studied. All experiments were performed in the presence of propranolol (1 mumol/l) and LiCl (10 mmol/l). Products measured after separation with high-performance liquid chromatography were inositol 1-phosphate (1-IP1), inositol 1,4-bisphosphate (1,4-IP2), inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate (1,3,4,-IP3), inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (1,4,5-IP3), and inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate (1,3,4,5-IP4). All inositol phosphates increased after stimulation with phenylephrine. 1,4,5-IP3 was the first compound to rise maximally within 30 seconds; this rise was followed by an increase in 1,3,4,5-IP4 and 1,4-IP2 beginning within 2 minutes. The increase in 1,3,4-IP3 and 1-IP1 was slower and did not reach steady state within 15 minutes. The positive inotropic effect of phenylephrine was maximal after 5 minutes. It is concluded that the increase in the presumed second messengers 1,4,5-IP3 and 1,3,4,5-IP4 coincides with the positive inotropic effect after alpha 1-adrenoceptor stimulation. Since the increase in 1,4,5-IP3 precedes the increase in force of contraction, 1,4,5-IP3 may initiate the positive inotropic effect of alpha 1-adrenoceptor agonists and 1,3,4,5-IP4 maintains the increase in force of contraction.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association