Influence of glucose and insulin on the exaggerated diastolic and systolic dysfunction of hypertrophied rat hearts during hypoxia.
Myocardial hypertrophy can result in increased sensitivity toward the development of mechanical dysfunction during hypoxia. Alterations in glycolytic metabolism may contribute to this. We studied the response to 15 minutes of hypoxia in hypertrophied (deoxycorticosterone-salt hypertension model) and nonhypertrophied rat hearts and examined the influence of a high glucose (27.5 mM) and insulin (100 mU/ml) concentration. In response to hypoxia in the presence of a normal glucose concentration (5.5 mM), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure was higher in hypertrophied than in nonhypertrophied hearts (65 +/- 6 vs. 44 +/- 4 mm Hg; p less than 0.05). Perfusion with high glucose and insulin blunted the rise in left ventricular end-diastolic pressure in both hypertrophied and nonhypertrophied hearts and abolished the difference in diastolic dysfunction between groups during hypoxia (26 +/- 2 vs. 32 +/- 4 mm Hg, respectively; p = NS). At end hypoxia in the presence of a normal glucose concentration, developed pressure was more depressed in hypertrophied than in nonhypertrophied hearts (11 +/- 1 vs. 18 +/- 1% of baseline, respectively; p less than 0.05). Perfusion with high glucose and insulin resulted in improved function in both groups during hypoxia such that a greater impairment of developed pressure was no longer present in the hypertrophied versus nonhypertrophied hearts (21 +/- 1 vs. 24 +/- 2% of baseline, respectively; p = NS). At the end of hypoxic perfusion in the presence of a normal glucose concentration, hypertrophied hearts were producing 38% less lactate than nonhypertrophied hearts. Perfusion with high glucose and insulin increased lactate production in both groups and equalized lactate production between groups. Thus, the greater deterioration in hemodynamic function in hypertrophied hearts compared with nonhypertrophied hearts during hypoxia is associated with lower lactate production. Both the exaggerated hemodynamic dysfunction and deficient lactate production can be ameliorated by perfusion with a high glucose concentration and insulin.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association