Angiotensin II modulates cardiac Na+ channels in neonatal rat.
Since chronic congestive heart failure syndromes are associated with both elevated circulating levels of angiotensin II and potentially lethal ventricular tachyarrhythmias, we investigated the effect of angiotensin II on voltage-dependent cardiac Na+ currents. Single-channel Na+ currents in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes were studied using the patch clamp method in the cell-attached mode. Angiotensin II applied outside the patch increased the frequency of opening and rates of activation and inactivation of single-channel Na+ currents within the patch. These effects were mimicked by the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and were prevented by prior incubation with TPA. Therefore, we propose that angiotensin II modulates cardiac Na+ currents by a cytoplasmic second messenger, perhaps protein kinase C, and this may predispose toward arrhythmia.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association