One hour of myocardial ischemia decreases the activity of the stimulatory guanine-nucleotide regulatory protein Gs.
The effect of 1 hour of myocardial ischemia on the function of the stimulatory guanine-nucleotide-binding protein Gs was examined. This study follows our recent finding that myocardial ischemia increases the density of beta-adrenoreceptors in a conscious canine model while having the opposite effect on the activity of adenylate cyclase. Coronary artery occlusion was induced in five conscious dogs and verified by measurement of blood flow using the Doppler and microsphere techniques. Alterations in the level and function of Gs were examined in sarcolemmal membranes prepared from ischemic and nonischemic regions of the left ventricle. After 1 hour of coronary artery occlusion, the functional activity of sarcolemmal Gs, as determined by reconstitution with cyc- membranes, decreased by 27 +/- 7% in the ischemic zone. Cholera toxin labeling performed in parallel with the reconstitution studies demonstrated a similar decrease of 28 +/- 7%. This was associated with decreases in basal activity and decreases in adenylate cyclase activity stimulated by GTP, GTP plus isoproterenol, sodium fluoride, and forskolin. Thus, a defect distal to the beta-adrenoreceptor occurs in the transduction of adrenergic signals to the heart as a consequence of 1 hour of ischemia.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association