Immunological identification of five troponin T isoforms reveals an elaborate maturational troponin T profile in rabbit myocardium.
Myocardium is generally thought to express no more than two isoforms of troponin T (TnT). We have recently reported that TnT purified from rabbit myocardium is resolved by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis into five proteins (TnT1, TnT2, TnT3, TnT4, and TnT5). In this study, these proteins are characterized immunologically and a novel elaborate maturational profile is described. Myocardium was obtained from 23 days of gestation fetal rabbits and 2-day, 6-week, 3-month, and 6-month postnatal rabbits. The major species in the adult myocardium, TnT4, was identified on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels and excised. The protein was electroeluted and purified. An amino acid microsequence of a cleaved fragment of this protein was found to be virtually identical to residues 86-99 from adult rabbit cardiac TnT. The protein, TnT4, was used to raise a polyclonal antibody. This antibody recognized all five isoforms from purified cardiac TnT, but none of the TnT isoforms from fast skeletal muscle. A monoclonal antibody, Mab JLT-12, raised against a highly conserved epitope of rabbit fast skeletal muscle, recognized all five cardiac as well as five skeletal muscle isoforms. Western blots performed on intact myocardial preparations demonstrated that TnT1, the cardiac isoform with the slowest electrophoretic mobility, was expressed prominently in the immature hearts, in addition to TnT2, TnT3, and TnT4, but TnT1 was not evident in the 3-month and 6-month postnatal hearts. The expression of TnT2 also decreased with maturation. Thus, the number of TnT isoforms expressed in the rabbit decreases with maturation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association