Current fluctuations and oscillations in smooth muscle cells from hog carotid artery. Role of the sarcoplasmic reticulum.
Electrical activity of enzymatically isolated, smooth muscle cells from hog carotid arteries was recorded under current clamp and voltage clamp. Under the experimental conditions, membrane potential usually was not stable, and spontaneous hyperpolarizing transients of approximately 100-msec duration were recorded. The amplitude of the transients was markedly voltage dependent and ranged from about 20 mV at a membrane potential of 0 mV to undetectable at membrane potentials negative to -60 mV. Under voltage clamp, transient outward currents displayed a similar voltage dependency. These fluctuations reflect a K+ current; they were abolished by 10 mM tetraethylammonium chloride, a K+ channel blocker, and the current fluctuations reversed direction in high extracellular K+ concentration. Modulators of intracellular Ca2+ concentration also affected electrical activity. Lowering intracellular Ca2+ concentration by addition of 10 mM EGTA to the pipette solution or suppressing sarcoplasmic reticulum function by superfusion with caffeine (10 mM), ryanodine (1 microM), or histamine (3-10 microM) blocked the rapid voltage and current spikes. However, caffeine and histamine induced a much slower hump of outward current before blocking the rapid spikes. This slower transient outward current could be elicited only once after external Ca2+ was removed and is consistent with an activation of K+ channels by Ca2+ released from internal stores. In contrast, removal of external Ca2+ alone failed to abolish the rapid spikes. These results suggest that 1) a Ca2+-dependent K+ conductance can markedly affect the electrical behavior of arterial smooth muscle cells and 2) internal Ca2+ stores, probably the sarcoplasmic reticulum, can support rapid and frequent releases of Ca2+. Exposure to a low concentration of histamine (3 microM) caused synchronization of the irregular, rapid fluctuations giving rise to slow, periodic oscillations of Ca2+-activated K+ conductance with a frequency of 0.1-0.3 Hz. These regular oscillations are reminiscent of periodic Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release, were inhibited by 10 mM caffeine, and point to a modulation of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release by histamine.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association