Increased cyclic AMP content accelerates protein synthesis in rat heart.
Elevation of cyclic AMP (cAMP) content in perfused rat hearts by exposure to glucagon, forskolin, and 1-methyl-3-isobutylxanthine (IBMX) increased rates of protein synthesis during the second hour of perfusion with buffer that contained glucose in the absence of added insulin. When tetrodotoxin was added to arrest contractile activity, glucagon, forskolin, and IBMX still elevated cAMP content and rates of protein synthesis. Perfusion of beating rat hearts at elevated aortic pressure (120 mm Hg vs. 60 mm Hg) also accelerated rates of protein synthesis and raised cAMP content and cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity during the second hour of perfusion. Insulin accelerated rates of protein synthesis in beating hearts during the first and second hour of perfusion but did not increase cAMP content. Elevation of aortic pressure in insulin-treated hearts raised cAMP content but had no further effect on rates of protein synthesis. Perfusion of arrested hearts for as little as 2 minutes at 120 mm Hg resulted in a rapid and sustained increase in cAMP content, cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity, and rate of protein synthesis after 60-120 minutes of additional perfusion at 60 mm Hg. Exposure of arrested hearts to 0.2 mM methacholine, a muscarinic-cholinergic agonist, for 5 minutes before elevation of perfusion pressure blocked the pressure-induced increases in cAMP content, cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity, and rates of protein synthesis. When hearts were removed from pertussis toxin-treated animals, methacholine did not block the effects of forskolin on these same three parameters. These studies indicated that elevation of tissue cAMP by hormone binding, direct activation of adenylate cyclase, or inhibition of phosphodiesterase resulted in acceleration of protein synthesis. Furthermore, the effects of increased aortic pressure to accelerate synthesis appeared to involve a cAMP-dependent mechanism that was independent of changes in contractile activity but could be blocked with a muscarinic-cholinergic agonist. Acceleration of protein synthesis by insulin was not associated with an elevation of cAMP.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association