Enkephalinase inhibition increases plasma atrial natriuretic peptide levels, glomerular filtration rate, and urinary sodium excretion in rats with reduced renal mass.
To investigate the in vivo effects of inhibition of endopeptidase 24.11, an enkephalinase enzyme shown to be involved in atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) breakdown in vitro, we infused phosphoramidon, a specific inhibitor of endopeptidase 24.11, into rats with reduced renal mass (and chronic extracellular volume expansion) and into normal rats. Relative to baseline values in rats with remnant kidneys, phosphoramidon led to elevations of plasma ANP levels and concomitant increases in urinary sodium excretion, fractional excretion of sodium, glomerular filtration rate, filtration fraction, and urinary cyclic GMP excretion. Similar changes in renal function and urinary cyclic GMP excretion were obtained with thiorphan, another endopeptidase 24.11 inhibitor. These enhanced ANP levels and renal actions were not observed with phosphoramidon in normal rats. These results show that plasma ANP levels can be modulated in rats with reduced renal mass by inhibition of endopeptidase 24.11.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association