Amiodarone: biochemical evidence for binding to a receptor for class I drugs associated with the rat cardiac sodium channel.
Amiodarone has multiple pharmacological effects in heart. Electrophysiological data suggest that among its other effects, amiodarone is a sodium channel blocker. Using a radioligand assay, we determined whether amiodarone interacted with a previously described receptor for type I agents associated with the cardiac sodium channel. The radioligand was [3H]batrachotoxinin A 20 alpha-benzoate ([ 3H]BTXB), a toxin that binds to the activated state of the sodium channel. We have previously shown that class I antiarrhythmic drugs inhibit [3H]BTXB binding. The purpose of this study was to assess whether amiodarone and other class III agents interact with this receptor. Amiodarone inhibited [3H]BTXB binding in a dose-dependent fashion, with an estimated IC50 value of 3.6 microM. This IC50 value is similar to reported clinically effective serum concentrations of amiodarone. In contrast to amiodarone, the IC50 values for other class III drugs (bretylium, sotalol, bethanidine, N-acetylprocainamide) were much higher than their therapeutic concentrations and bore no relation to them. Scatchard analysis of [3H]BTXB binding showed that amiodarone reduced the maximal binding for [3H]BTXB; this finding indicates irreversible inhibition or (more likely) allosteric inhibition by amiodarone. The latter agrees with electrophysiological data suggesting that amiodarone binds to inactivated sodium channels. Sodium channel blockade by amiodarone may contribute to its overall electrophysiological effect.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association