Low Ca2+ reperfusion and enhanced susceptibility of the postischemic heart to the calcium paradox.
This study was designed to define the effect of postischemic low Ca2+ perfusion on recovery of high-energy phosphates, intracellular pH, and contractile function in isolated rat hearts. Phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to follow creatine phosphate, adenosine triphosphate, intracellular inorganic phosphate, and intracellular pH during control perfusion (15 minutes), total ischemia (30 minutes), and reperfusion (30 minutes). In Group I the perfusate [Ca2+] was 1.3 mmol/l throughout the experiment, whereas in Group II the perfusate [Ca2+] was reduced to 0.05 mmol/l during the first 10 minutes of reperfusion. Hearts from Group III were not made ischemic but were subjected to 10 minutes of low Ca2+ perfusion followed by 20 minutes of normal Ca2+ perfusion. During low Ca2+ reperfusion (Group II) recovery of high-energy phosphates and pH was significantly better than in controls (Group I). However, after reexposure to normal Ca2+, metabolic recovery was largely abolished, coronary flow was suddenly impaired, and contracture developed without any rhythmic contractions. These observations indicated the occurrence of a calcium paradox rather than postponed ischemia-reperfusion damage. On the other hand, normoxic hearts (Group III) tolerated temporary perfusion with 0.05 mmol/l Ca2+ very well with respect to left ventricular developed pressure, coronary flow, and metabolic parameters. In conclusion, postischemic low Ca2+ (0.05 mmol/l) perfusion may reduce reperfusion damage, but at the same time ischemia appears to enhance the susceptibility of the heart to the calcium paradox.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association