Effects of malnutrition on rat myocardial beta-adrenergic and muscarinic receptors.
Malnutrition, as well as malignancy, induces alterations in heart metabolism and performance. Previous studies have implicated adrenergic mechanisms as the cause. The present study was undertaken to investigate if the adenylate cyclase system in the rat heart was affected by malnutrition. Three different animal groups with malnutrition were compared with a control group: rats with acute starvation for 14-96 hours, rats with protein-calorie malnutrition for 2 weeks, and rats with tumors. Stimulation by beta-adrenergic receptors and inhibition by muscarinic receptors of adenylate cyclase activity were not altered by malnutrition. However, conditions used for in vitro adenylate cyclase determinations were, of necessity, not physiological. Neither did the number of beta-adrenergic and muscarinic receptors change. When competition-binding experiments were performed, differences comprising agonist affinity and affinity state distribution were noted among the groups. The myocardial beta-adrenergic receptors formed a reduced number of high-affinity sites in all groups as compared with the control rats. All high-affinity sites displayed a more than 10-fold increase in affinity toward isoproterenol and an impaired sensitivity to guanine nucleotides except in heart membranes derived from rats starved less than 48 hours. While the protein-calorie restricted and the tumor-bearing rats had myocardial beta-adrenergic receptors that were unresponsive to guanine nucleotides, after 48 hours of starvation the rats exhibited an attenuated guanine-nucleotide-induced affinity shift. No changes associated with malnutrition in myocardial membrane levels of the of the stimulatory guanine-nucleotide-binding protein were detected by cholera-toxin-induced ADP-ribosylation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association